Unassisted Living? Help With Finding Quality Care at Assisted Living Facilities
Assisted living has become a big business in Wisconsin and the United States, and it’s going to get even bigger. Today, there are 750,000-plus elderly people living in more than 30,000 assisted-living facilities across the country. These numbers are expected to grow significantly as the baby boom generation continues to age. According to the Administration on Aging, there will be 72 million Americans aged 65 and older in 2030 (compared to 41.5 million in 2011). An assisted living facility is an attractive option for older folks who want to maintain their independence while getting help with the activities of daily living, including preparing meals, dressing, bathing and housekeeping. However, there are concerns about regulations that are endangering assisted-living residents, especially an increasing number who are more seriously ill and require a higher level of care. For example, only 14 states have set minimum staffing levels and assisted-living facilities are not inspected as often or as rigorously as nursing homes.
Seven Tips for Finding Quality Care Near You
Quality care in assisted living is available. According to a 2013 survey by the National Research Corporation (download here), overall satisfaction was rated “good” or “excellent” by 91 percent of residents and 92 percent of families in the 1,500 facilities surveyed. Here are seven tips from ProPublica to finding quality care:
- Understand Your Needs. Assisted living might look like a great option, especially when promoted as an alternative to nursing home care. But some facilities may not be capable of caring for people with complex medical conditions. Familiarize yourself with the basic services provided by different assisted-living facilities and learn how to compare one to another. Download the free Guide to Choosing an Assisted Living Residence from the Assisted Living Federation of America. The Alzheimer’s Association, Caring.com and LeadingAge.org offer state-by-state directories as well.
- Visit … Often. Visit prospective facilities often, and at different times of the day. Take time to talk to the residents and staff. And ask tough questions. For example: What is the ratio of caregivers to residents? How many staff work overnight shifts? What type of nursing care is provided? What is the turnover rate? Checklists of what to ask or look for when visiting an assisted-living facility are available from several organizations, including the AARP, the Alzheimer’s Association, California Advocates for Nursing Home Reform and the Assisted Living Consumer Alliance, among others.
- Know Whether the Facility is For-Profit or Nonprofit. The pressure to earn profits can impact staffing, food and available activities. That doesn’t mean you should dismiss for-profits, as there are good and bad facilities in each category, but do your homework.
- Know the True Costs. Assisted living can be expensive, averaging $3,550 per month, according to a 2012 survey by MetLife. Also, note that the base price may not reflect fees for additional services, from meal delivery and laundry to bathing assistance and medication management. These costs can add up quickly.
- Watch that Admissions Agreement. The devil’s in the details when it comes to admissions agreements, which are often lengthy and complicated. Many assisted-living facilities and nursing homes now include forced arbitration clauses in admission contracts, thus precluding someone from seeking a remedy in a court of law. If any part of the agreement is unclear, consult an attorney.
- Choose Quality Care Over Location. Sure, it’s easier to visit a loved one if the facility you choose is located near friends and family. But experts warn that your first criteria should be quality care and a facility that is a good fit for the prospective resident.
- Check Public Records. Look for reports that present less than flattering news. Check the property’s regulatory history and complaint record for the past five years. Your state’s health department or long-term care ombudsman will have that information.
If you or your loved ones have experienced falls, sores, infections, medication problems or neglect at assisted living facilities or nursing homes, please keep Sperling Law Offices in mind.